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Toxicology. 1993 Jun 4;80(1):37-49.

The effects of ether anaesthesia on oxidative stress in rats--dose response.

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Trauma Center, Beijing, People's Republic of China.


Rats, with and without overnight fasting, were anaesthetised for 5, 15 and 30 min with diethyl ether, killed immediately and total glutathione (total GS), thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances (TBAR), radical-trapping activity (RTA), total cytochrome P450 (CYP), and 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (CYP1), 7-pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (CYP2B) and 4-nitrophenol hydroxylase (CYP2E1) activities of liver and kidney determined. Liver, after ether anaesthesia, but no fasting, showed 30-60% losses of total GS, RTA, and total CYP, after 5, 15 and 30 min of anaesthesia, while TBAR increased 10-, 20- and 35-fold for the same periods. Liver after ether anaesthesia and overnight fasting showed 50-85% losses of total GS, RTA and total CYP, for 0, 5, 15 and 30 min of anaesthesia, while TBAR increased 4-, 30-, 40- and 60-fold for the same periods of anaesthesia. Kidney changes were similar to those in liver. Liver CYP1 and CYP2B were decreased by 45% and 35%, respectively for 30 min of anaesthesia in fed rats, and by 80% and 30% respectively for 30 min of anaesthesia in fasted rats; in contrast, liver CYP2E1 was increased 30% by fasting alone and 70% by fasting plus 5 min of ether anaesthesia. Kidney CYP1 and CYP2B were similarly decreased by ether anaesthesia (70% and 50% respectively) in both fed and fasted rats, and CYP2E1 was similarly increased (by 40-90% in fed and 30-110% in fasted rats). The decrease in tissue total GS, RTA, total CYP, CYP1 and CYP2B, and the increase in lipid peroxidation products (TBAR), are all considered to be due to generation of reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress, associated with the increase in CYP2E1 activity that results from both fasting and exposure to diethyl ether.

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