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No Shinkei Geka. 1993 May;21(5):467-72.

[Two cases of giant aneurysms arising from the distal segment of the anterior cerebral circulation].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical College.


Giant aneurysm arising from the distal segment of the anterior cerebral circulation is extremely rare, and only 14 cases of anterior cerebral circulation aneurysms have been reported in the literature. This report describes two cases of giant intracranial aneurysms, one arising from the distal segment of the middle cerebral artery, and the other from the azygos anterior cerebral artery. Although both of the patients started with intracranial hemorrhage, their surgical outcomes were good. The growth mechanisms of each aneurysm are discussed based on the clinical and pathological findings. Since the wall of the middle cerebral artery aneurysm showed granulomatous changes with infiltration of many inflammatory cells, the aneurysmal enlargement is considered to have resulted from chronic inflammation of the wall. In the case of anterior cerebral artery aneurysm, hemodynamic stress through the azygos artery may have caused the giant aneurysm. Operative indication for giant intracranial aneurysm is controversial. Since the surgical outcomes of reported cases are definitely better than those of the patients with proximal giant aneurysm, we conclude that giant aneurysm arising from the distal segment of the cerebral artery should be treated surgically.

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