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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1993 Jun 1;110(1):45-50.

Biochemical and immunological properties of the C-terminal domain of the alpha-toxin of Clostridium perfringens.

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Chemical and Biological Defence Establishment, Porton Down, Salisbury, Wiltshire, UK.


The C-terminal domain of the alpha-toxin (cpa247-370) of Clostridium perfringens has been expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Antiserum raised against cpa247-370 reacted in an identical manner to anti-alpha-toxin serum when used to map epitopes in the C-terminal domain, suggesting that cpa247-370 was immunologically and structurally identical to this region in the alpha-toxin. The isolated cpa247-370 was devoid of sphingomyelinase activity or haemolytic activity and was not cytotoxic for mouse lymphocytes. Haemolytic activity was detected when cpa247-370 was tested with the N-terminal domain of the alpha-toxin (cpa1-249), confirming that cpa247-370 confers haemolytic properties on the phospholipase C activity of the alpha-toxin. Haemolytic activity was not detected if cpa247-370 was tested with the Bacillus cereus phosphatidylcholine phospholipase C, nor if cpa1-249 and cpa247-370 were incubated sequentially with erythrocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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