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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1993 Apr;92(2):R15-20.

Inhibin/activin subunit mRNA expression in human granulosa-luteal cells.

Author information

1
Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

We studied the expression of inhibin/activin subunit mRNAs in granulosa-luteal cells of preovulatory ovarian follicles obtained from women undergoing in vitro fertilization, and in corpus luteum tissue samples of early pregnancy. Northern analysis of granulosa-luteal cell and corpus luteum RNA with single-stranded cDNA or cRNA probes revealed an 1.6-kb mRNA for the alpha subunit and about 6.0-, 4.0-, 2.8-, and 1.7-kb transcripts for the beta A subunit. No clear hybridization signal for the beta B subunit could be detected. The relative expression levels of alpha and beta A subunit mRNAs were determined at 2-day intervals in granulosa-luteal cells cultured for 5 to 11 days. The levels of alpha subunit mRNAs declined steadily with increasing culture age, whereas those of beta A remained unchanged. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis with 35 amplification cycles confirmed the expression of alpha and beta A subunit mRNAs in cultured granulosa-luteal cells. The beta B transcripts were also weakly detectable by this sensitive assay. In situ hybridization of human early pregnancy corpus luteum revealed intense hybridization with the alpha cRNA probe and a weaker signal for the beta A subunit in the granulosa cell compartment. We conclude that: (1) the inhibin alpha and beta A subunits (and to a lesser extent beta B) are expressed in cultured human granulosa-luteal cells; (2) during extended culture periods the alpha/beta A mRNA expression ratio decreases; and that (3) the alpha and beta A subunit mRNA expression is observed in the granulosa cell compartment of early pregnancy corpora lutea.

PMID:
8319822
DOI:
10.1016/0303-7207(93)90020-k
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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