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Anticancer Res. 1993 May-Jun;13(3):667-70.

Genetic events in sporadic colorectal adenomas: K-ras and p53 heterozygous mutations are not sufficient for malignant progression.

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IST, National Cancer Institute, Genova, Italy.


Twenty-four sporadic colorectal adenomas were analysed for the presence of allelic loss on the short arm of chromosome 17 as well as mutations in the K-ras and p53 genes. Chromosome 17p13 allelic loss was not present in 14 out of 14 informative cases. K-ras mutations were observed in 15 out of 24 cases. A p53 gene mutation (GGC-->GAC at codon 245) was detected in two biopsies taken at a four year interval from a recurrent rectal villous adenoma. Both biopsies also contained the same K-ras gene mutation (GGT-->GTT at codon 12). The data from the recurrent rectal adenoma provide in vivo evidence that K-ras and p53 heterozygous mutations confer a proliferative advantage but together are not sufficient for malignant transformation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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