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Int J Cancer. 1994 Feb 1;56(3):354-7.

Chromosomal deletions in anaplastic meningiomas suggest multiple regions outside chromosome 22 as important in tumor progression.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Genetics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Meningioma is a common, usually benign, sporadic and solitary tumor of the meninges covering the central nervous system. Meningiomas can become malignant, and such anaplastic tumors are associated with a high rate of recurrence and death from the disease. We analyzed 16 sporadic, anaplastic meningiomas for loss of alleles on the majority of chromosomal arms, in order to define regions in the genome which may be important for tumor progression. Loss of genetic material was observed on all but 2 chromosomes studied. While loss of heterozygozity (LOH) from chromosome 22 was the most frequent finding, LOH from the short arm of chromosome I was the second most common lesion occurring preferentially in tumors from men, and at a frequency almost as high as for LOH on chromosome 22. This suggests the existence of a tumor-suppressor locus on Ip involved in meningioma carcinogenesis. Three tumor samples from one large, anaplastic tumor, each with distinct histopathological characteristics, were studied. All 3 samples showed deletions on 22q and Ip. However, only one tumor sample, with the most malignant histopathological phenotype, displayed, in addition to 22q and Ip, deletions on 9q and 17p. This case suggests that the latter 2 chromosomal regions may harbor genes which contribute to the progression of meningioma.

PMID:
8314321
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.2910560310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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