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Cell Signal. 1993 Sep;5(5):565-81.

Cellular distribution of polyphosphoinositides in rat hepatocytes.

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Unité de Recherche INSERM U. 274, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.


The distribution of total phospholipids, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PIP) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) was studied in isolated rat hepatocytes: (i) by mass assay and isotopic labelling in the fractions of plasma membranes, microsomes, mitochondria and nuclei prepared from isolated hepatocytes and (ii) by immunolocalization of PIP2 with a specific antibody (kt3g) in whole hepatocytes and isolated nuclei. Mass measurement and isotopic labelling showed that PIP was distributed in all four fractions. PIP2 was present in the plasma membrane and the nuclei. In whole cells, PIP2 was also detected in the plasma membrane by immunolocalization with the anti-PIP2 antibody kt3g. In unpolarized single hepatocytes, PIP2 distributed evenly throughout the plasma membrane. However, in polarized cell couplets, PIP2 was the most often undetectable in the lateral domain between the cells, and distributed preferentially in the sinusoidal domain of the plasma membrane. These results suggest that hepatocytes segregate PIP2 in particular domains of their plasma membrane. In purified fractions of nuclei, immunolocalization experiments showed that PIP2 was present uniquely in the nuclear envelope.

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