Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Thorac Surg. 1994 Feb;57(2):432-9.

Large animal model of ischemic mitral regurgitation.

Author information

Harrison Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.


A large animal model of ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) that resembles the multiple presentations of the human disease was developed in sheep. In 76 sheep hearts, the anatomy of the coronary arterial circulation was determined by observation and polymer casts. Two variations, types A and B, which differed by the vessel that supplied the left ventricular apex, were found. In all hearts, the circumflex coronary artery has three marginal branches and terminates in the posterior descending coronary artery. The amount and location of left ventricular (LV) mass supplied by each marginal circumflex branch was determined by dye injection and planimetry. In type A hearts, ligation of the first and second marginal branches infarcts 23% +/- 3.0% of the LV mass, does not infarct either papillary muscle, significantly (p < 0.001) increases LV cavity size 48% at the high papillary muscle level by 8 weeks, and does not cause MR. Ligation of the second and third marginal branches infarcts 21.4% +/- 4.0% of the LV mass, includes the posterior papillary muscle, significantly increases (p < 0.001) LV cavity size 75%, and causes severe MR by 8 weeks. Ligation of the second and third marginal branches and the posterior descending coronary artery infarcts 35% to 40% of the LV mass, increases LV cavity size 39% within 1 hour, and causes massive MR. After moderate (21% to 23%) LV infarction, development of ischemic MR requires both LV dilatation and posterior papillary muscle infarction; neither condition alone produces MR. Large posterior wall infarctions (35% to 40%) that include the posterior papillary muscle produce immediate, severe MR.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center