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Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1993 Sep;14(3):193-200.

Ocular and associated neuropathologic observations in suspected whiplash shaken infant syndrome. A retrospective study of 12 cases.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7040.

Abstract

We examined the eyes of 12 infants who died with the clinical and pathologic diagnosis of the shaken baby syndrome. The ocular histopathologic findings and the neuropathologic findings were compared. Preretinal, intraretinal, and subretinal hemorrhages were observed; hemorrhages of the superficial retinal layers and subsensory retinal space predominated. Retinal hemorrhages were found in 12 cases, intracranial hemorrhage was found in 11 cases, and cerebral edema was found in 10 cases. The intraretinal and periretinal hemorrhages were most prevalent at the posterior pole. Five cases had retinal folds. There was a low incidence of optic disc edema and choroidal hemorrhage.

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