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Protein Eng. 1993 Nov;6(8):971-80.

Humanization of a mouse anti-human IgE antibody: a potential therapeutic for IgE-mediated allergies.

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CIBA-GEIGY AG, Basel, Switzerland.


Mouse mAb TES-C21(C21) recognizes an epitope on human IgE and, therefore, has potential as a therapeutic agent in patients with IgE-mediated allergies such as hay fever, food and drug allergies and extrinsic asthma. The clinical usefulness of mouse antibodies is limited, however, due to their immunogenicity in humans. Mouse C21 antibody was humanized by complementarity determining region (CDR) grafting with the aim of developing an effective and safe therapeutic for the treatment of IgE-mediated allergies. The CDR-grafted, or reshaped human, C21 variable regions were carefully designed using a specially constructed molecular model of the mouse C21 variable regions. A key step in the design of reshaped human variable regions is the selection of the human framework regions (FRs) to serve as the backbones of the reshaped human variable regions. Two approaches to the selection of human FRs were tested: (i) selection from human consensus sequences and (ii) selection from individual human antibodies. The reshaped human and mouse C21 antibodies were tested and compared using a biosensor to measure the kinetics of binding to human IgE. Surprisingly, a few of the reshaped human C21 antibodies exhibited patterns of binding and affinities that were essentially identical to those of mouse C21 antibody.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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