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Neuroscience. 1993 Dec;57(4):891-6.

Entorhinal cortex regulation of multiple brain-derived neurotrophic factor promoters in the rat hippocampus.

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Department of Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


Developmental or degenerative damage of the neuronal architecture in the entorhinal cortex may disintegrate a functional part of hippocampal input since the entorhinal cortex provides a major source of neocortical and subcortical input to the hippocampus. These alterations, such as seen in Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and temporal lobe epilepsy are likely to be associated with cognitive deficits. To understand the basis for pathological changes in the corticohippocampal loop it is important to study mechanisms involved in neuronal plasticity. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor provides a possible substrate to mediate such plasticity. We have previously provided evidence that stimulation of hippocampal afferents transynaptically increase the level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor messenger RNA within the hippocampus. In the present study we have investigated whether different brain-derived neurotrophic factor messenger RNAs are specifically regulated in the hippocampus. We provide evidence for a differential and dose-dependent regulation of the different brain-derived neurotrophic factor promoters in the hippocampus by afferents in the entorhinal cortex. Our finding of a graded regulation is in contrast to earlier evidence of an "all-or-none" type of regulation.

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