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Life Sci. 1994;54(7):445-53.

TGF alpha-PE40 inhibits non-small cell lung cancer growth.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20037.


The ability of a chimeric toxin containing transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) and truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin A to inhibit NSCLC growth was investigated. TGF alpha-PE40 inhibited binding of 125I-EGF to NSCLC cell lines with an IC50 value of 0.5-3 micrograms/ml. Similarly, other forms of the fusion protein, TGF alpha-PE38 and TGF alpha-PE40Asp553, which have active TGF alpha binding domains, inhibited specific 125I-EGF binding to NSCLC cells with IC50 values of 0.1-2 and 0.05-05 microgram/ml respectively. TGF alpha-PE40 inhibited 35S-methionine uptake by NSCLC cells with an ED50 value of 1-30 ng/ml. TGF alpha-PE38, which has one of the two disulfide pairs of PE40, inhibited amino acid uptake with ED50 values of 3-50 ng/ml whereas TGF alpha-PE40Asp553, which lacks ADP ribosylation activity, had an ED50 > 100 ng/ml. TGF alpha-PE40 inhibited colony formation of NSCLC cells with an LD50 value of 0.008-0.1 ng/ml. Similarly, TGF alpha-PE38 inhibited NSCLC colony formation with LD50 values of 0.002-0.1 ng/ml whereas TGF alpha-PE40Asp553 had an LD50 > 10 ng/ml. Also, TGF alpha-PE40 and TGF alpha-PE38 inhibited NSCLC xenograft formation in nude mice whereas TGF alpha-PE40Asp553 was inactive. These data suggest that TGF alpha-PE40 and TGF alpha-PE38 may be useful agents to inactivate NSCLC cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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