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J Biomech. 1993 Dec;26(12):1479-86.

Pressure distribution on mattresses.

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Abt. Angewandte Biomechanik, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany.


Measurements of pressure distribution are usually performed on a hard base, such as those in gait analysis or tire research; measurements on soft surfaces are avoided because of technical problems. A sensor mat was developed which consists of 512 pressure sensors, glued to arbitrary locations of a fabric. The mat can be bent to spherical and saddle shapes so that it can be utilised on soft and flexible surfaces like chairs and beds. Performance of eight hospital mattresses concerning decubitus prophylactics and support in supine and side position was studied in four subjects representing extreme body build. It was found that one particular mattress served well for three subjects, whereas no mattress was suitable for the high and heavy type. It was concluded that measurement of pressure distribution is a valuable tool for designing and selecting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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