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Eur J Biochem. 1994 Jan 15;219(1-2):611-26.

1H resonance assignments and secondary structure of the carbon monoxide complex of soybean leghemoglobin determined by homonuclear two-dimensional and three-dimensional NMR spectroscopy.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037.


Homonuclear two-dimensional and three-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy has been utilized to study the 15.9-kDa protein soybean leghemoglobin. NMR experiments were performed on the diamagnetic carbon monoxide complex at two temperatures and two pH values. Sequence-specific assignments have been made for 94% of the backbone and approximately 70% of the expected side-chain resonances. The secondary structure of leghemoglobin in solution has been determined on the basis of NOE connectivity patterns, hydrogen exchange and chemical-shift analyses. Leghemoglobin consists of seven helices and, unlike mammalian myoglobins, is missing the D helix. Instead an extended loop, the CE loop, is observed which might have importance for ligand entry into and exit from the protein interior. The hydrogen exchange behavior for the F helix and at the beginning of the A helix suggests different dynamic stability compared to other helical regions in leghemoglobin. Population of a second protein conformation, in which there is perturbation at the A-G-H helix interface, is observed at low pH.

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