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Diabet Med. 1993 Dec;10(10):950-7.

Different acute and chronic effects of acipimox treatment on glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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1
Third Department of Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland.

Abstract

To study whether therapeutic reduction of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) can be used to improve glucose metabolism, we administered the antilipolytic agent, acipimox, 250 mg four times daily for 4 weeks in eight obese Type 2 diabetic patients. Glucose and NEFA metabolism were assessed before and after treatment with a two-step euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp (0.25 and 1 mU kg-1 min-1 insulin) combined with infusions of [3-3H] glucose and [1-14C] palmitate. Three days of acipimox treatment reduced 24-h serum NEFA levels by 10%, but the difference disappeared after 4 weeks of treatment mainly due to a two-fold rise in morning NEFA concentrations (p < 0.01). After 3 days of acipimox treatment, fasting and 24-h plasma glucose and serum triglyceride concentrations were significantly reduced (p < 0.05), but no longer after 4 weeks of treatment. Despite the rebound rise in NEFA, acute administration of acipimox still inhibited both oxidative and non-oxidative NEFA metabolism in the basal state (p < 0.01-0.001) and during insulin infusion (p < 0.05-0.001). Inhibition of NEFA metabolism was associated with increased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (from 3.56 +/- 0.28 to 5.14 +/- 0.67 mumol kg-1 min-1, p < 0.05), mainly due to stimulation of non-oxidative glucose disposal (from 1.74 +/- 0.23 to 3.03 +/- 0.53 mumol kg-1 min-1, p < 0.05). In conclusion, acipimox administered acutely inhibits NEFA appearance (lipolysis), which is associated with improved glucose uptake.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8306591
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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