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Can J Microbiol. 1993 Nov;39(11):1071-8.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa UG2 rhamnolipid biosurfactants: structural characterization and their use in removing hydrophobic compounds from soil.

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Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, ON, Canada.


The structure of two rhamnolipid biosurfactants produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa UG2 was studied. Analyses by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed these two rhamnolipids to be alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-beta-hydroxydecanyol-beta-hydroxydecanoate and 2-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-beta-hydroxydecan oyl-beta- hydroxydecanoate. The ability of UG2 rhamnolipid biosurfactants to enhance removal of naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, fluorene, 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl, and 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl into the aqueous phase was affected by soil type, hydrocarbon equilibration time, and biosurfactant adsorption to soil. Partially purified UG2 biosurfactants at a concentration of 5 g/L removed approximately 10% more hydrocarbon from a sandy loam soil than slit loam soil. High levels of UG2 rhamnolipids adsorbed to soil. In 18% (w/v) soil slurries 74, 49, 38, and 20% of 0.5, 1, 2, and 5 g UG2 rhamnolipids/L, respectively, were bound to the soil phase. Sodium dodecyl sulphate recovered lower levels and Witconol SN70 higher levels of phenanthrene and 2,2',5,5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl than UG2 biosurfactants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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