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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 Feb 17;1220(3):329-32.

cDNA cloning and sequence analysis of the bovine adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) receptor.

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Department of Hormone Research, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


We isolated five independent cDNAs of nearly 3000 bp for the bovine ACTH receptor by screening adrenal cortex cDNA libraries with a PCR cloned cDNA fragment. The deduced receptor sequence includes 297 residues (M(r) = 33,258) with 81% identity with the human ACTH receptor, and shows seven hydrophobic transmembrane domains. The calculated M(r) of the receptor is smaller than the 40-45 kDa observed in crosslinking studies with labeled ACTH. Since the bovine and human receptors have two glycosylation motifs in the N-terminus, the difference may result from glycosylation of the receptor. Analysis of the sequences of both bovine and human receptors revealed a single protein kinase. A phosphorylation motif located in the third intracellular loop (Ser-209) juxtaposed to a protein kinase C phosphorylation motif (Thr-204). Thus, the involvement of protein kinase A and C pathways in ACTH action may be mediated in part by phosphorylation of the ACTH receptor at these motifs. The 3'-untranslated region of the bovine cDNA is > 2000 bp and includes two inverse repeats giving an extensive and strong secondary structure to the ACTH receptor RNA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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