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Ann Emerg Med. 1994 Feb;23(2):363-6.

Intraosseous extravasation complication reports.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, California.


We report two cases of severe complications from intraosseous infusions. One child was a sudden infant death syndrome patient who developed severe tissue necrosis after intraosseous placement. The second child was a near drowning who developed a compartment syndrome requiring fasciotomy. Extravasation is a potentially major complication that resulted in these limb-threatening events. Intraosseous infusion remains an important resuscitation modality, but great care must be taken to avoid these results. Strategies for avoiding extravasation are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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