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Stroke. 1994 Feb;25(2):372-4.

Space-occupying cerebellar infarction. Clinical course and prognosis.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Because the timing and strategy of surgical intervention in massive cerebellar infarction remains controversial, we report our experience with the management of 52 such patients.

METHODS:

Case records, computed tomographic scans, surgical reports, and angiograms of 52 patients with space-occupying cerebellar infarction defined by computed tomographic criteria were reevaluated with regard to clinical course, etiology, therapeutic management, mortality, and functional outcome.

RESULTS:

In most cases clinical deterioration started on the third day after stroke, and a comatose state was reached within 24 hours. Sixteen patients were treated medically, and 30 by suboccipital craniectomy (22 plus ventriculostomy, 12 plus tonsillectomy). Ten patients primarily had ventriculostomy, which in 4 patients was supplemented by craniotomy because of continuing deterioration. Twenty-nine patients made a good recovery, 15 remained disabled, and 8 died. Even comatose patients had a 38% chance of a good recovery with decompressive surgery. Age older than 60 years (P = .0043) and probably initial brain stem signs (P = .0816) and a late clinical stage (P = .0893) were linked with a fatal or disabling outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

Decompressive surgery should be the treatment of choice for massive cerebellar infarction causing progressive brain stem signs or impairment of consciousness.

PMID:
8303748
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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