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Public Health Rep. 1994 Jan-Feb;109(1):125-34.

Public attitudes about cigarette smoking: results from the 1990 Smoking Activity Volunteer Executed Survey.

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  • 1National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Abstract

The 1990 Smoking Activity Volunteer Executed Survey collected information on a wide range of policy-relevant issues concerning public attitudes about cigarette smoking. These issues include cigarette taxes, advertising restrictions, minors' access to tobacco products, school-based prevention, and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in workplaces and public areas. Survey data were collected during the spring and summer months of 1990 from random samples of adults from Arizona, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Texas. Telephone interviews were conducted by trained American Cancer Society volunteers using standardized questionnaires. Cluster sampling techniques, interviewer training and supervision, and data collection procedures were designed in conformity with the methodology of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking prevalence ranged from a low of approximately 20 percent in Texas to a high of 31 percent in Michigan. Between 60 and 69 percent of the respondents in the four States, including between 44 and 71 percent of current smokers, believe tobacco should be classified as a drug. Around 65 percent of the respondents would support an extra tax on tobacco to finance public campaigns against smoking, and between 61 percent and 69 percent favor banning cigarette advertising in the print media and on billboards. More than 82 percent of the respondents believe that stronger laws should be enacted to prevent the sale of tobacco products to minors, and more than 86 percent believe that existing laws should be better enforced. Current smokers were only slightly less likely than were former and never smokers to indicate support of policy changes to prevent minors'access to tobacco products; the two groups had somewhat more disagreement in the amount of support for the other smoking control policies.Finally, although between 62 and 88 percent of working respondents reported the presence of smoking restrictions at their workplace, between 26 and 48 percent still reported being bothered by smoking at work.These study findings suggest that existing smoking control policies are not restrictive enough or are inadequately enforced. The study documents strong public concern in the four States about the in adequacy of current policies and support for the enactment of stronger legislation to control smoking behavior.

PMID:
8303006
PMCID:
PMC1402252
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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