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Oncogene. 1994 Jan;9(1):323-6.

Oncogenic activity of cyclin D1 revealed through cooperation with Ha-ras: link between cell cycle control and malignant transformation.

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1
Institut für Molekularbiologie und Tumorforschung (IMT), Philipps Universität Marburg, Germany.

Abstract

Circumstantial evidence implicates the putative cell cycle regulator cyclin D1 in the process of malignant transformation. Overexpression of cyclin D1 is observed in mammary carcinomas as a result of gene amplification and in parathyroid adenomas and centrocytic B-cell lymphomas as a consequence of chromosomal rearrangements and juxtaposition of the cyclin D1 gene to strong transcriptional control elements. These findings suggest that deregulation of cyclin D1 expression may contribute to malignant transformation in these tumours. To date, however, an oncogenic potential of cyclin D1 has not been demonstrated and the mechanism of its oncogenic activation remains obscure although overexpression of the wild-type protein is likely. We report here that the overexpression of cyclin D1 induces transformation in primary rat embryo fibroblasts in cooperation with activated Ha-ras. Cyclin D1/Ha-ras transformed cells are immortalized, show anchorage independence and give rise to fibrosarcomas in nude mice. Our data directly demonstrate that cyclin D1 is a proto-oncogene that can be activated by transcriptional deregulation. Its previously demonstrated ability to interact with putative cell cycle regulators suggests that cyclin D1 defines a new class of proto-oncogenes.

PMID:
8302597
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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