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Eur J Immunol. 1994 Feb;24(2):496-9.

Selective expansion of activated V delta 4+ cells during experimental infection of mice with Leishmania major.

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WHO Immunology Research and Training Center, University of Lausanne, Epalinges, Switzerland.


Previous work from this laboratory has revealed that infection of mice with Leishmania major leads to an expansion of gamma delta+ T cells in the spleen. Further examination of the gamma delta+ T cells expanding in infected mice has shown that the majority of these cells in the spleen, lymph nodes, blood and liver expressed the V delta 4 gene segment. Cell cycle analysis, using propidium iodide incorporation, demonstrated that while only 1% of alpha beta+ T cells in the spleen were in either S + G2/M phase, up to 10% of the gamma delta+ T cells were in cycling phase 8 weeks after infection. Comparison of the state of activation of the two populations in different organs after infection, confirmed that gamma delta+ T cells are actively dividing in lymph nodes, liver and blood, but not in the thymus or among intraepithelial lymphocytes. Examination of the expression of different activation markers on the surface of gamma delta+ T cells in the spleen of both normal and chronically infected BALB/c mice by FACS analysis, revealed increased expression of LFA-1, CD25, CD44, 4F2, CD28 and the heat-stable antigen, whereas Thy-1 and CD5 decreased. Collectively, these results suggest an oligoclonal expansion and activation of gamma delta+ T cells in response to L. major infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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