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Parasitol Res. 1993;79(8):649-59.

Biochemical and functional characterization of histone H1-like proteins in procyclic Trypanosoma brucei brucei.

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Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel.


Four variants and/or posttranslational modifications of histone H1-like proteins of Trypanosoma brucei brucei procyclic culture forms were extracted with 0.25 N HCl from isolated nuclei and analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The amino acid composition of these proteins, their ability to space nucleosomes regularly and to induce salt-dependent condensation of the chromatin indicated their histone H1 nature. On the other hand, the histone H1-like proteins clearly differed from their higher-eukaryote counterparts by their weak interaction with DNA under low-salt conditions. As a consequence, intact nucleosome filaments were prepared according to a new preparation protocol especially adapted to the unstable chromatin of T. b. brucei. Our results indicate that the biochemical properties of the histone H1-like proteins contribute to the structural and functional differences between the chromatin of procyclic T. b. brucei and that of higher eukaryotes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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