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Pediatr Clin North Am. 1994 Feb;41(1):93-110.

Preoperative evaluation of children.

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Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.


Preoperative evaluation and preparation are directed toward minimizing the intrinsic risks of anesthesia and surgery by having the child in the healthiest possible condition prior to surgery. The pediatrician can contribute to this goal by understanding the effects of general anesthesia on the physiology of children. This knowledge allows an appreciation of the anesthesiologists' concerns regarding underlying diseases, which may seem "stable" (and, therefore, of little present concern to the pediatrician) but which may have grave consequences during anesthesia. The preoperative evaluation is designed to ensure that the child's preoperative needs may be met by providing the anesthesiologist both qualitative and quantitative information regarding the child's state of health and disease. The relationship between the child, parents, and pediatrician places the pediatrician in an ideal position to prepare families for their children's surgical experience.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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