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J Exp Med. 1994 Feb 1;179(2):703-8.

Interleukin 5 synthesis by eosinophils: association with granules and immunoglobulin-dependent secretion.

Author information

1
Centre d'Immunologie et de Biologie Parasitaire, Institut Pasteur, Lille, France.

Abstract

Interleukin 5 (IL-5) is the main factor that promotes the terminal differentiation of eosinophil progenitors (as indicated by colony formation assays), and enhances the effector capacity of mature eosinophils. IL-5 is produced by T lymphocytes, CD4-/CD8- and mast cells and recently, messenger (m)RNA of this cytokine has been identified in eosinophils from patients with coeliac disease, asthma, or eosinophilic heart diseases. In this study, IL-5 mRNA and immunoreactive IL-5 protein were detected in tissue and blood eosinophils from patients with eosinophilic cystitis or hypereosinophilic syndromes but not in Crohn's disease. By electron microscopy associated to immunogold staining, immunoreactive IL-5 was identified in eosinophilic granules. After stimulation with IgA-, IgE-, or IgG-immune complexes, blood eosinophils were shown, by immunocytochemistry and by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, to secrete IL-5. These observations demonstrate that eosinophils, under physiological stimulation, can release significant amounts of IL-5, which may contribute to local eosinophil recruitment and activation.

PMID:
8294877
PMCID:
PMC2191391
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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