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J Appl Bacteriol. 1993 Dec;75(6):519-28.

The survival of bacteria exposed to desiccation on surfaces associated with farm buildings.

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1
Department of Botany, University of Bristol, Avon, UK.

Abstract

The survival of 11 species of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria was examined on different surfaces exposed to desiccation. There were large variations between species; Pseudomonas spp. and Rhizobium leguminosarum biovars survived for less than 2 d, whilst Enterococcus spp. survived for more than 11 weeks. The type of surface on to which the bacteria were deposited affected survival, but with different effects between species. In addition the survival of spontaneous nalidixic acid-resistant (Nal-r) mutants of a natural Escherichia coli isolate were compared. Overall the differences were slight, but of seven resistant mutants, five survived better than the parent whilst one survived less well. Nine transposon insertion derivatives of one of the Nal-r mutants (ECO80) which survived better than the parent were compared; all survived similarly to the parent except ECO883 which survived less well. The growth characteristics of ECO883 and ECO80 were compared; at high osmotic pressures (> 0.4 mol 1-1 NaCl) ECO883 grew more slowly and showed a longer lag time than the parent. Of the osmoregulatory functions studied, ECO883 appeared to be altered with respect to K+ transport or accumulation, although the transposon insertion had occurred in a gene distant from known K+ transport genes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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