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Am J Vet Res. 1993 Nov;54(11):1901-5.

Effects of concurrent administration of phenylbutazone and flunixin meglumine on pharmacokinetic variables and in vitro generation of thromboxane B2 in mares.

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Department of Medical Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.


Flunixin meglumine and phenylbutazone are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs commonly used for the management of colic, endotoxemia, and musculoskeletal disorders in equids. Although it is not usually recommended, there appears to be an increasing trend to use nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs in combination to enhance or prolong their effects. Therefore, we studied the effect of concurrent administration of flunixin (1.1 mg/kg of body weight, IV) as flunixin meglumine and phenylbutazone (2.2 mg/kg, IV) on the pharmacokinetics of each drug and on in vitro thromboxane B2 production. Pharmacokinetic variables calculated for each drug when given alone and in combination were similar to those reported. Serum thromboxane B2 production was significantly (P = 0.05) suppressed for 12, 8, and 24 hours after administration of flunixin, phenylbutazone, and the drugs in combination, respectively. These results indicate that although concurrent administration of these drugs at the aforementioned dosages does not alter either drug disposition or clearance, it prolongs their pharmacologic effect.

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