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Oncogene. 1994 Feb;9(2):527-36.

The cis-acting elements known to regulate c-myc expression ex vivo are not sufficient for correct transcription in vivo.

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Department of Immunology, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


Much of our knowledge about the regulation of the c-myc proto-oncogene expression has come from studies of c-myc gene expression in several well defined ex vivo systems, including differentiation systems and tumor cells. However, very few investigations have been performed to determine the factors and cis-acting sequences that regulate c-myc expression in vivo. In order to obtain information on the sequences required to regulate c-myc gene transcription from the two major P1 and P2 initiation sites in the mouse, we have generated several constructs containing human or murine c-myc genomic sequences with various 5' flanking sequences and derived corresponding transgenic mice. A sensitive S1 nuclease protection assay was performed to analyse and to compare transgene expression with that of the endogenous c-myc mRNA, either in adult organs, or during development. None of the transgenic mice expressed the construct appropriately, although several strains exhibited unexpected expression most probably due to position effects. Our results indicate that the cis-acting elements described to regulate c-myc expression ex vivo are not sufficient to drive the correct expression of c-myc gene in vivo and strongly suggest that additional regulatory elements located upstream from -3500 (with respect to mouse P1 promoter) and downstream 1500 bp from polyadenylation sites are required.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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