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J Immunol Methods. 1993 Dec 3;166(2):177-82.

A simple method for the evaluation of receptor binding capacity of modified cytokines.

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Clinica Medica II, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.


We have developed a flow cytometric method to evaluate the binding of interleukin-2 analogues to receptors. The method relies on competition for binding between a fluorescein-conjugated monoclonal antibody (MoAb) directed against the human interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) anti-IL-2R) and the test protein. IL-2R positive cells are incubated with FITC-anti-IL-2R MoAb in the presence of native IL-2 or IL-2 iodinated by either the chloramine-T or the lactoperoxidase-glucose-oxidase method. The binding of IL-2 is indicated by decreased fluorescence. This method is suitable for measuring the binding capacity of modified IL-2 molecules and avoids the need for radioactive tracers. It provides a simple and reproducible technique, which can be extended readily to the study of the receptor binding capacity of cytokines conjugated with toxins, drugs or other molecules.

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