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Genomics. 1993 Nov;18(2):429-31.

Refined mapping of the GM2 activator protein (GM2A) locus to 5q31.3-q33.1, distal to the spinal muscular atrophy locus.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Medical Genetics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


The GM2 activator locus (GM2A) had previously been considered as a candidate gene for some forms of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA; mapped to 5q11.2-q13.3). It was eliminated as a possible candidate because PCR-based mapping failed to localize the gene to chromosome 5, as was previously reported using an ELISA-based methodology. However, we demonstrated that the PCR primers used preferentially amplified a processed pseudogene (GM2AP) that we mapped to chromosome 3 and that GM2A was located on chromosome 5. In this report, we reconsider the candidacy of GM2A by refining its localization on chromosome 5 using fluorescence in situ hybridization. We localize GM2A to 5q31.3-q33.1; thus, it is not a candidate gene for SMA.

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