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Arch Histol Cytol. 1993 Oct;56(4):353-70.

Migration of LHRH neurons derived from the olfactory placode in rats.

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Tokushima Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Japan.


Using the olfactory placode of 12.5- and 14.5-day-old (E12.5, E14.5) rat embryos, we examined the migration of LHRH neurons by in vivo intraventricular transplantation and in vitro organotypic culture systems. In the transplantation, the olfactory placode of E12.5 embryos was co-transplanted with the cerebral cortex and also with medial basal hypothalamus (MBH). LHRH neurons that had migrated into the co-transplanted brain tissues were fusiform, but those that had moved into the neuro-mesenchymal tissue were polyhedral. The migration occurred most conspicuously in the MBH. In our in vitro studies, we used E14.5 embryos; their vomeronasal organ was cultured with MBH, the olfactory cortex, and the septum of the telencephalon in two systems (piled-culture with an intervening transferrable membrane and co-culture). Among these brain tissues, the MBH was the most effective in inducing the development and migration of LHRH neurons. We further found synaptic junctions of immunonegative nerve fibers on immunoreactive LHRH neurons located in the septum of E16.5 and 17.5 embryos. These findings suggest that the MBH may lead the intraseptal migration of LHRH neurons by yielding certain substances after introducing the neurons into the medial aspect of forebrain vesicles. The early development of the neuronal connection may further promote the migration of LHRH neurons.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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