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Am J Kidney Dis. 1994 Jan;23(1):41-6.

Cuprophane but not synthetic membrane induces increases in serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels during hemodialysis.

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Service de N├ęphrologie, Centre Hospitalier, Reims, France.


Cytokine synthesis and secretion by blood mononuclear cells is a well-documented phenomenon in hemodialyzed patients. The present study was conducted in 17 chronically hemodialyzed patients to test the relative effect of uremic toxicity, membrane biocompatibility, dialysate composition, and the risk of endotoxinemia on the serum level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The only significant parameter that influenced circulating TNF-alpha was the chemical characteristics of the dialyzer membrane. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels significantly increased during the session with cuprophane, whereas they decreased with AN69. The TNF-alpha increase was documented whatever the dialysate buffer and the presence or absence (negative Limulus amoebocyte lysate test) of endotoxin in the dialysate. In the subgroup of patients treated with a contaminated dialysate and AN69, none had clinical symptoms and the central body temperature remained constant throughout the session. In these patients, serum TNF-alpha levels did not change after priming the dialyzer with sterile saline. In conclusion, the serum TNF-alpha level during hemodialysis appears to be modulated by biocompatibility, permeability, and binding properties of dialysis membrane rather than dialysate composition. Endotoxin in the dialysate did not result in positive TNF-alpha balance no matter what its possible priming effect on mononucleated blood cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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