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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1993 Dec 1;114(2):161-6.

Genomic fingerprinting of Clostridium difficile isolates by using a random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay.

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1
Service de Bactériologie-Virologie, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.

Abstract

This study describes the use of a new and easy method called random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay to distinguish strains of C. difficile. We used two single short primers (AP4 and AP5) with arbitrary nucleotide sequences in a polymerase chain reaction to amplify genomic DNA. The profiles observed after electrophoretic separation were able to distinguish 20 reference C. difficile strains previously serotyped by Delmée's method. The fingerprints of 11 epidemiologically unrelated C. difficile strains clearly yielded a DNA polymorphism between all the strains. Latterly, RAPD profiles of 11 C. difficile strains isolated from 2 independent suspected outbreaks showed, in each case, a predominant banding pattern corresponding to an epidemic strain. These results suggest that RAPD assay could be a valuable tool for epidemiological studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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