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Genet Res. 1993 Oct;62(2):139-48.

Parental imprinting on the mouse X chromosome: effects on the early development of X0, XXY and XXX embryos.

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  • 1Research Center for Molecular Genetics, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


To examine the effects of X-chromosome imprinting during early mouse embryogenesis, we attempted to produce XM0, XP0, XMXMY, XMXPY and XMXMXP (where XM and XP stand for the maternally and the paternally derived X chromosome, respectively) making use of mouse strains bearing the translocation Rb(X.2)2Ad and the inversion In(X)1H. Unlike XMXPY embryos, XMXMY and XMXMXP conceptuses suffered from severe growth retardation or abnormal development characterized by deficient extra-embryonic structures at 6.5-7.5 days post coitum (dpc). A cytogenetic study suggested that two XM chromosomes remaining active in certain nonepiblast cells were responsible for the serious developmental abnormality found in these embryos disomic for XM. Although matings involving females heterozygous for Rb(X.2)Ad hinted at the paucity of XP0 embryos relative to those having the complementary karyotype of XMXMXP, further study of embryos from matings between females heterozygous for In(X)1H and Rb2Ad males did not substantiate this observation. Thus, the extensive peri-implantation loss of XP0 embryos shown by Hunt (1991) may be confined to X0 mothers. Taken together, this study failed to reveal a parentally imprinted X-linked gene essential for early mouse embryogenesis other than the one most probably corresponding to the X-chromosome inactivation centre.

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