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Endocrinology. 1994 Jan;134(1):451-6.

Regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide receptor messenger ribonucleic acid by glucocorticoids and PTH in ROS 17/2.8 and OK cells.

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Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114.


To study mechanisms controlling the expression of PTH/PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) receptors in ROS 17/2.8 and OK cells, we investigated the regulation of PTH/PTHrP receptor availability and receptor mRNA levels by glucocorticoids and PTH. Treatment of ROS 17/2.8 cells with dexamethasone (1 microM) for 2, 4, and 6 days increased specific binding of PTH to 148 +/- 12%, 203 +/- 10%, and 344 +/- 9% (mean +/- SD), respectively, compared to that in untreated control cells. PTH-stimulated cAMP accumulation also increased with dexamethasone treatment (1 microM) from 230 +/- 15%, 382 +/- 9%, and 820 +/- 9% after 2, 4 and 6 days, respectively, compared to that in untreated cells. Treatment of ROS 17/2.8 cells with [Nle8,Nle18,Tyr34]bovine PTH-(1-34) amide (NlePTH; 100 nM) alone or together with dexamethasone (1 microM), however, markedly decreased PTH binding and PTH-stimulated cAMP accumulation. Northern blot analysis showed that dexamethasone dramatically increased steady state levels of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA in a time- and dose-dependent manner, which did not occur when NlePTH (100 nM) was added concomitantly to the cultures. As previously reported, daily NlePTH treatment of ROS 17/2.8 cells reduced PTH/PTHrP receptor availability and PTH-stimulated cAMP accumulation markedly within 2 days, which remained at these low levels during continued PTH treatment. In contrast, the identical treatment reduced steady state levels of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA in ROS 17/2.8 transiently and to only a slight extent, which then returned to pretreatment levels. Treatment of OK cells with NlePTH (100 nM) for 1, 2, and 4 days decreased PTH binding to 56 +/- 6%, 44 +/- 4%, and 64 +/- 4% (mean +/- SD) and PTH-stimulated cAMP accumulation to 42 +/- 6%, 19 +/- 4%, and 21 +/- 3% (mean +/- SD), respectively, compared to values in untreated control cells. The same treatment, however, had no significant effect on steady state levels of PTH/PTHrP receptor transcripts. In contrast to its effects in ROS 17/2.8 cells, dexamethasone (1 microM) treatment of OK cells for 1-4 days did not affect PTH binding, nor did it significantly affect steady state levels of PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA, although the latter was slightly lowered by dexamethasone treatment. PTH-stimulated cAMP accumulation was unchanged after 1-day treatment with dexamethasone and modestly rose to 142 +/- 4% of the control value by day 4 of glucocorticoid exposure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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