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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1993 Oct;7(3):281-7.

Peptidoglycan and teichoic acid from Staphylococcus epidermidis stimulate human monocytes to release tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-6.

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Eijkman-Winkler Institute of Medical and Clinical Microbiology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.


Cytokines play a major role in the pathophysiology of septic shock. In this study, human peripheral blood monocytes were stimulated with peptidoglycan and teichoic acid, purified from a strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis. Polymyxin B (PM-B) was added to avoid the effects of possible contamination with endotoxin. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the supernates were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Peptidoglycan and teichoic acid induced TNF, IL-1, and IL-6 in a concentration-dependent manner. Teichoic acid was a weaker inducer than peptidoglycan, especially for IL-1. Lipopolysaccharide from an E. coli strain was used as a control, being 100-1000 times more potent than peptidoglycan and teichoic acid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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