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Physiol Meas. 1993 Nov;14(4):411-8.

A model of the instantaneous pressure-velocity relationships of the neonatal cerebral circulation.

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Division of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leicester, UK.


The instantaneous relationship between arterial blood pressure (BP) and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV), measured with Doppler ultrasound in the anterior cerebral artery, is represented by a vascular waterfall model comprising vascular resistance, compliance, and critical closing pressure. One min recordings obtained from 61 low birth weight newborns were fitted to the model using a least-squares procedures with correction for the time delay between the BP and CBFV signals. A sensitivity analysis was performed to study the effects of low-pass filtering (LPF), cutoff frequency, and noise on the estimated parameters of the model. Results indicate excellent fitting of the model (F-test, p < 0.0001) when the BP and CBFV signals are LPF at 7.5 Hz. Reconstructed CBFV waveforms using the BP signal and the model parameters have a mean correlation coefficient of 0.94 with the measured flow velocity tracing (N = 232 epochs). The model developed can be useful for interpreting clinical findings and as a framework for research into cerebral autoregulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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