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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Dec 12;1153(2):184-90.

Rabbit skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase activity: stimulation in vitro by thyroid hormone analogues and bipyridines.

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Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.


Sarcoplasmic reticulum-enriched membranes from rabbit skeletal muscle contained Ca(2+)-ATPase activity which was significantly enhanced (26% increase, P < 0.001) in vitro by physiological concentrations (10(-10) M) of L-thyroxine (T4) and 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3). In contrast, the biologically inactive iodothyronine analogues D-T4 and 3,3',5,5'-tetraiodothyroacetic acid (Tetrac) (10(-10) M) were without effect on enzyme activity. 3,5-Dimethyl-3'-isopropyl-L-thyronine (Dimit), a bioactive analogue, was highly effective as a Ca(2+)-ATPase stimulator, increasing enzyme activity by 43% (P < 0.02 vs. T4 effect). A bipyridine cardiac inotropic agent, milrinone, has been reported to be thyromimetic in a myocardial membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase system, and in concentrations from 10(-10) to 10(-5) M enhanced skeletal muscle SR membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in vitro (P < 0.001). Milrinone analogues which have been previously shown to enhance rabbit myocardial membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase activity, and which have a twist relationship of the pyridine rings, were also striated muscle Ca(2+)-ATPase stimulators. We conclude that (1) striated muscle is a mammalian tissue in which physiological levels of biologically relevant thyroid hormone analogues, particularly Dimit, stimulate Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in vitro by a non-genomic mechanism; (2) cardiac bipyridine analogues which are thyromimetic in vitro in rabbit heart, and which have structural homologies with thyroid hormone, are stimulators of rabbit striated muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase activity.

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