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Agents Actions. 1993;39 Spec No:C77-9.

Modulation of TNF alpha and IL-1 beta from endotoxin-stimulated monocytes by selective PDE isozyme inhibitors.

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Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Princeton, NJ 08453-8000.


The effect of selective PDE isozyme inhibitors including vinpocetine (PDE-I), CI-930 and milrinone (PDE-III), rolipram and nitraquazone (PDE-IV) and zaprinast (PDE-V) on monocyte viability and production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) elicited from endotoxin-stimulated human monocytes was investigated. None of the inhibitors affected monocyte viability at 10 microM or lower concentrations. PDE-IV inhibitors and to a lesser extent, PDE-III inhibitors suppressed TNF alpha production. Only high concentrations of PDE-IV inhibitors modestly suppressed IL-1 beta. Zaprinast stimulated IL-1 beta and to a lesser extent TNF alpha production. These data show that TNF alpha and IL-1 beta production are differentially regulated, and that PDE III, PDE-IV and PDE-V isozymes are functional in endotoxin-stimulated monocytes. Clinical trials will be needed to ascertain if PDE-IV inhibitors are able to suppress TNF alpha levels in man.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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