Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
N Engl J Med. 1994 Jan 27;330(4):263-72.

Oral azole drugs as systemic antifungal therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham School of Medicine.

Abstract

The oral azole drugs--ketoconazole, fluconazole, and itraconazole--represent a major advance in systemic antifungal therapy. Among the three, fluconazole has the most attractive pharmacologic profile, including the capacity to produce high concentrations of active drug in cerebrospinal fluid and urine. Ketoconazole, the first oral azole to be introduced, is less well tolerated than either fluconazole or itraconazole and is associated with more clinically important toxic effects, including hepatitis and inhibition of steroid hormone synthesis. However, ketoconazole is less expensive than fluconazole and itraconazole--an especially important consideration for patients receiving long-term therapy. All three drugs are effective alternatives to amphotericin B and flucytosine as therapy for selected systemic mycoses. Ketoconazole and itraconazole are effective in patients with the chronic, indolent forms of the endemic mycoses, including blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, and histoplasmosis; itraconazole is also effective in patients with sporotrichosis. Fluconazole is useful in the common forms of fungal meningitis--namely, coccidioidal and cryptococcal meningitis. In addition, fluconazole is effective for selected patients with serious candida syndromes such as candidemia, and itraconazole is the most effective of the azoles for the treatment of aspergillosis.

PMID:
8272088
DOI:
10.1056/NEJM199401273300407
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center