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J Neurosci Res. 1993 Nov 1;36(4):357-67.

Expression of mRNA for neurotrophic factors and their receptors in the rat dorsal root ganglion and sciatic nerve following nerve injury.

Author information

1
Department of Neurobiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305-5401.

Abstract

The adult rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) produces mRNA for the neurotrophic factors nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and contains large populations of neurons responsive to these factors. We report that following a focal crush injury of the sciatic nerve, NGF mRNA expression increases threefold and BDNF mRNA two-fold, in the ipsilateral L4 and L5 DRGs. The mRNAs encoding the cognate neurotrophin receptors, p75NGFR, trkA, and trkB were expressed in the DRG throughout the post-injury time course, suggesting that DRG neurons remain responsive to both NGF and BDNF. p75NGFR mRNA levels became transiently depressed in the DRG during the first several days after the lesion but returned to normal within 1 week. trkB mRNA was expressed in the normal sciatic nerve and levels were not altered by nerve crush. RNase protection assays detected both full-length and truncated trkB transcripts in the DRG, but only truncated trkB mRNA, lacking the tyrosine kinase domain, was detected in the sciatic nerve. Likewise, trkA transcripts were not detected by RNase protection in normal sciatic nerve or in a segment of nerve distal to the crush site. These results are consistent with a model in which regenerating sensory neurons are supported by neurotrophic factors synthesized within the DRG.

PMID:
8271314
DOI:
10.1002/jnr.490360402
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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