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Can J Vet Res. 1993 Oct;57(4):277-80.

The effectiveness of gentamicin or polymyxin B for the control of bacterial growth in equine semen stored at 20 degrees C or 5 degrees C for up to forty-eight hours.

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Département de Médecine, Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec.


Semen from three stallions was used to evaluate the effectiveness of two antibiotics added to semen extender for samples stored at 20 degrees C or 5 degrees C for up to 48 hours. Each ejaculate was divided into six different treatments: semen+extender (SE); SE+gentamicin (100 micrograms/mL); SE+polymyxin B (1000 units/mL); and each of the above treatments inoculated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853. Sampling of diluted semen for bacteriological analysis was performed after 2, 8, 24 and 48 hours of preservation at either temperatures. The presence of nonspecific bacteria was noted after two hours in all SE aliquots. The number of bacteria did not change in samples stored at 5 degrees C, while in samples preserved at 20 degrees C, it increased by three to four times after 48 hours. In semen aliquots treated with either of the antibiotics, the number of nonspecific bacteria was very low after two and eight hours at both temperatures. This number remained stable up to 48 hours at 5 degrees C, while an increase was noted at 24 and 48 hours at 20 degrees C. At 5 degrees C, the number of P. aeruginosa cells tended to decrease between 24 and 48 hours in SE aliquots. The presence of gentamicin or polymyxin B appeared to rapidly inhibit growth of P. aeruginosa. At 20 degrees C, growth of P. aeruginosa increased between 8 and 24 hours in SE, while the presence of antibiotics almost completely inhibited the growth of the bacterium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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