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J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1993 Oct;7(5):541-6.

Mechanical ventilation in the prone position for acute respiratory failure after cardiac surgery.

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Klinik und Poliklinik für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany.


Ten patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) after coronary artery bypass grafting were studied during conventional mechanical ventilation in the supine and in the prone position. Impaired gas exchange was defined as an inspired oxygen fraction (FIO2) greater than 0.5 to maintain an arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) > or = 70 mmHg, an alveolar-arterial PaO2 gradient (PA-aO2) > 200 mmHg and a venous admixture (QVA/QT) > 15% during mechanical ventilation with a tidal volume (VT) = 10 to 12 mL/kg, frequency (f) = 10 to 15 VT/min, inspiratory-expiratory (I:E) ratio = 0.5, and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 5 to 7.5 cm H2O. In the supine position, systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics were in the normal range, but oxygenation was severely impaired. In all patients thoracic computed tomography scans were obtained and revealed crest-shaped bilateral densities in the dependent lung regions. FIO2 of 0.67 +/- 0.22 was required to maintain a PaO2 greater than 70 mmHg during mechanical ventilation in the supine position. Under these conditions PA-aO2 and QVA/QT were 362 +/- 153 mmHg and 32.5 +/- 8.3%, respectively. CO2 elimination was not severely affected. The patients were turned into the prone position after an average of 30.6 +/- 5.4 hours postoperatively and ventilated with unchanged VT, f, PEEP, and inspiratory-expiratory ratio for 26.7 +/- 11.7 hours (range, 10 to 42 hours). A second cardiopulmonary status was obtained within 2 to 5 hours of ventilation in the prone position.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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