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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 1994;120(3):143-8.

Gene analysis of K-, H-ras, p53, and retinoblastoma susceptibility genes in human lung cancer cell lines by the polymerase chain reaction/single-strand conformation polymorphism method.

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1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.

Abstract

In order to know the involvement of multiple gene alterations in the pathogenesis of human lung cancer, we examined the genes of K-, H-ras (codons 12, 13, 61), p53(exons 5-9) and the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (RB)(exons 20-22) using the polymerase chain reaction/single-strand conformation polymorphism method in 32 human lung cancer cell lines (5 squamous-cell carcinomas, 10 adenocarcinomas, 3 large-cell carcinomas, 14 small-cell carcinomas). In 18 non-small-cell lung cancer lines, gene alterations were found in 4 for K-ras (22%), none for H-ras (0%), 4 for p53 (22%) and none for the RB (0%) gene. In 14 small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) lines, no gene alterations were found in K-ras (0%), or H-ras (0%), but 6 were found for p53 (43%) and 3 for the RB (21%) gene. Coincident abnormalities of K-ras and p53, or K-ras and RB genes were not found in any cell lines, and those of the p53 and RB genes were found in only 2 SCLC lines. No association was observed between these three gene alterations and N-myc amplification. Although the above three genes may be involved to some extent in the pathogenesis of lung cancer, more factors are required for its development.

PMID:
8263009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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