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J Biochem. 1993 Aug;114(2):284-91.

Cloning of the bovine plasma selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GP) cDNA from the ocular ciliary epithelium: expression of the plasma and cellular forms within the mammalian eye.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510.

Abstract

In the anterior segment of the mammalian eye, the ocular ciliary epithelium produces the aqueous humor, a fluid that nourishes and protects the avascular tissues from oxidative stress. This report details the results of a study of molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression of plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPx-P) from the bovine ocular ciliary epithelium. The bovine GPx-P cDNA contains an open reading frame of 226 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 24,860. The corresponding amino acid sequence showed an overall identity of 88% with the human GPx-P, 88.5% with the rat GPx-P, and 46.4% with the cellular bovine glutathione peroxidase (GPx-1). The levels of GPx-P and GPx-1 transcripts in ocular tissues were analyzed and the ciliary epithelium was found to express the highest levels of GPx-P transcripts in human and bovine eyes, whereas the cornea of calf eyes expressed the highest levels of GPx-1 transcripts. Surprisingly, the lens, on which oxidants have profound effects leading to cataract formation, expressed the lowest levels of GPx-P and GPx-1 transcripts in human donor eyes. These results provide new evidence of differential gene expression of the GPx-P and GPx-1 forms in the mammalian eye and stresses the functional role of the ocular ciliary epithelium in protecting the anterior segment of the eye from oxidative damage.

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