Send to

Choose Destination
Leuk Lymphoma. 1993 Oct;11(3-4):197-205.

L-myc and N-myc in hematopoietic malignancies.

Author information

Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Turku, Finland.


The myc proto-oncogenes encode nuclear DNA-binding phosphoproteins which regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. The c-myc gene is implicated in hematopoietic malignancies on the basis of its frequent deregulation in naturally occurring leukemias and lymphomas. Recent evidence suggests that also the N-myc and L-myc genes may have a role in normal and malignant hematopoiesis. N-myc and to a certain degree L-myc can substitute for c-myc in transformation assays in vitro, and their overexpression can block the differentiation of leukemia cell lines. Immunoglobulin heavy chain enhancer (IgH) -driven overexpression of N-myc or L-myc genes cause lymphatic and myeloid tumors, respectively, in transgenic mice. Furthermore, the L-myc and N-myc genes are expressed in several human leukemias and leukemia cell lines, L-myc predominantly in myeloid and N-myc both in myeloid and in some lymphoid leukemias. All N/L-myc positive leukemias and leukemia cell lines coexpress the c-myc gene, thus exemplifying a lack of negative cross-regulation between the different myc genes in leukemia cells. Taken together, these data suggest that L-myc and N-myc may participate in the growth regulation of hematopoietic cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center