Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Rheumatol. 1993 Sep;12(3):350-3.

Anti-Sm: its predictive value in systemic lupus erythematosus.

Author information

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.


The clinical manifestations of 131 rheumatic disease patients with anti-Sm antibody were studied. A variety of standard tests was utilized in the study, namely, the FANA test with mouse kidney as substrate for the assay of ANA, the Crithidia test for anti-double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) and double immunodiffusion for detecting antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens. The patients were grouped according to the presence of anti-Sm alone, or anti-Sm with some other antibodies. There were 17 with anti-Sm alone; 55 with anti-Sm+anti-RNP; 15 with anti-Sm+anti-dsDNA; and 44 with anti-Sm+anti-RNP. The result of our study showed that although anti-Sm could be found in other diseases, it was exclusively detected in SLE only if anti-dsDNA was also present. Further, the SLE patients with anti-Sm alone had more frequent central nervous system manifestations than other groups of patients. The renal manifestation was observed more frequently in the group of SLE patients with anti-Sm+anti-dsDNA (92.9%). Among other major manifestations, haematologic involvement had a tendency to be less common in the group of patients with anti-Sm alone. The study concludes that the presence of anti-Sm antibody may be of some value to predict the clinical outcome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center