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J Bone Miner Res. 1993 Oct;8(10):1241-5.

Circulating levels of vitamins K1 and K2 decreased in elderly women with hip fracture.

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INSERM Unit 234, Höpital Edouard Herriot, Lyon, France.


We measured the serum levels of phylloquinone (vitamin K1) and of the menaquinones, MK-7 and MK-8, in a group of 51 women with a mean age of 81 years who were studied within a few hours after a hip fracture. A group of 38 healthy age-matched women randomly chosen from the same population served as controls. Patients with hip fracture had a marked reduction in serum vitamin K1 (336 +/- 302 versus 585 +/- 490 pg/ml, p < 0.01), MK-7 (120 +/- 84 versus 226 +/- 178 pg/ml, p < 0.001), and MK-8 (89 +/- 113 versus 161 +/- 145 pg/ml, p < 0.01), and a large number had undetectable levels, especially of MK-8. Vitamin K levels were not correlated with the time elapsed after fracture or with serum cortisol or other biochemical variables. These data suggest that patients with hip fracture have vitamin K deficiency, an abnormality that could affect bone metabolism through an impairment of the gamma carboxylation of the gla-containing proteins of bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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