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J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Oct;31(10):2758-63.

Use of monoclonal antibodies to distinguish pathogenic Naegleria fowleri (cysts, trophozoites, or flagellate forms) from other Naegleria species.

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Unité de Virologie-Bactériologie, Institut Pasteur de Lyon, France.


Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) reactive to the pathogenic amoeba Naegleria fowleri were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), indirect immunofluorescence assay, Western blotting (immunoblotting), and radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIPA). Two MAbs (3A4 and 5D12) showed reactivity by ELISA with all N. fowleri strains tested and no reactivity with the five other Naegleria species, N. lovaniensis, N. gruberi, N. australiensis, N. jadini, and N. andersoni. These MAbs reacted with the three morphological forms of N. fowleri (trophozoites, cysts, and flagellates). The reactivity on Western blots was suppressed by treatment with metaperiodate, suggesting a carbohydrate epitope. Differences in reactivity patterns between trophozoites and cysts observed with radioimmunoprecipitation assay might reflect differences in biological properties. The formalin stability of the epitope may be useful in detecting N. fowleri in fixed biopsies and in investigating the pathological process.

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