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Cell. 1993 Dec 3;75(5):1015-25.

Stepwise assembly of functionally active transport vesicles.

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Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics Program Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021.


Budding of COP-coated vesicles (the likely carriers of newly synthesized proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum through the Golgi stack) from Golgi cisternae requires ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF), coatomer proteins from the cytosol, GTP, and fatty acyl-coenzyme A (CoA). The assembly of coated buds on the membranes requires coatomer, ARF, and GTP. When palmitoyl-CoA is added, membrane fission occurs at the coated bud, releasing coated vesicles. We show that COP-coated vesicles can be generated stepwise in vitro and isolated in a functionally active form, demonstrating that the minimal set of cytosolic components required for their formation as well as principal steps in their assembly have been identified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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